Cherry Orchard Management 07 2020 cover

A good knowledge of how pear trees grow and fruit, and how they differ from apple trees, is essential for managing a branchless multi-leader pear orchard.

The branchless multi-leader tree is a good example of a controlled canopy with good distribution of sunlight.

This poses new challenges for orchardists, hence the need for a manual that complements our popular manual: pear on Open Tatura.




160 pages of information, photos and illustrations 


This manual contains important aspects of pear behaviour, and shows you step-by-step how to develop and train the branchless multi-leader pear tree.

The branchless multi-leader pear tree is a relatively new training system in Australia and the manual will be progressively updated.

Since a picture is worth a thousand words, we have illustrated this manual with many photos and drawings, as we have with our other manuals.



What you will find in this manual

apple centralLeader 2

Tree Training

The problems with branches

Benefits of a branchless tree

What are fruiting units?

Creating fruiting units

Make good use of sunlight — grow pears not wood

Forcing the leaders to make prolectic shoots

Create efficient and productive fruiting canopies:

  • What is apical dominance
  • Manage sunlight
  • Turn proleptic shoots into fruiting units

apple centralLeader 6


  • Pyrus Calleryana
  • Winter Nellis; BP1; Quince
  • BM2000; Own roots


  • Nitrogen & pear size
  • Leaf vs soil analysis

Pests & Disease

  • Pear blossom blast (Pseudomonas syringae)

Hail net

  • Pros/cons, crop effects, bee activity
  • Types, structure, shape, colour
  • Plant first or net first?

apple centralLeader 5

Orchard management

How to keep the heads of the leaders calm

Maintain efficient and productive fruiting canopies:

  • Restrict root growth
  • Plant trees closely
  • Do most of the pruning in summer and less in winter
  • Apply Regulated Deficit Irrigation
  • Apply growth retardants

Your orchard starts in the nursery

  • Steps to ensure your orchard gets a good start.

apple centralLeader

Tree training system

The branchless multi-leader tree — a production line

Upright vs angled canopies

How many leaders per tree?

Tree training Open Tatura and upright trellis: first & second years — two leaders & four leaders:

  • Creating fruiting units
  • Manage apical dominance
  • Notching; Stubbing new shoots
  • From proleptic shoots
More Orchard Manuals